ویژه نامه فصلنامه شماره 31 - جلد اول

The Position of Color and Painting in Islamic Architecture and Iran

نویسندگان:

Keyvan Loloie Mahallat Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahallat, Iran

Farzin Soltani Gerd faramarzi M.A. in Architecture Engineering, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran (نویسنده مسئول Farazin73@gmail.com)

صفحات از: 261 - 277

 تعداد بازدید:  75    تعداد دانلود:  0

چکیده

The culture and literature in Islamic period in Iran include a medley of discussions about colors which per se have had huge influence in the Islamic art. This issue has been conveyed through the holy hadiths and verses, literary and art books. The existence of art works remained from the Islamic periods implies the above-mentioned truth. Colors in art and Islamic culture of Iran has been classified to the degrees such as the most valuable, the noblest, the most beautiful, the highest and the like; then they have been selected and utilized. The indications are the selection of golden domes, the most frequent use of blue background and white text as well as the sacred concept of green. In addition, from the early historical periods of Islam to now, the colors are the factors in expressing the identity of nations and nationalities. The examples such as black, red and white clothes worn by Qizilbashs in Safavid dynasty can be mentioned. Color is one of the visual evidences and its various aspects such as the psychological and cognitive effects have been focused in the Islamic culture and art with mystical interpretations and the aesthetic dimensions, especially the discretion in difference aspect of color which has been a guide in many cases. A sacred hadith says: In this hadith, the difference of colors is one of the measures and wisdom of God. Thus, understanding the beauty of world and recognizing its dimensions based on the difference of colors which are such a huge gift becomes real for the human being. The phenomenon of color and colorology allocated such a position in the human life especially in artistic and aesthetic dimensions so that it brought about expertise in the field of production, utilization and recognition.

واژگان کلیدی

Color, Islamic Architecture, Iranian Architecture